Wind European Industrial Initiative Team: Implementation Plan (2010 – 2012)
3th December 2010
The Wind Energy Roadmap was published by the European Commission (EC) on October 7th, 2009. The roadmap is set to become one of the most important instruments for the development of wind power in the 2010 – 2020 period and will play a key role in fighting climate change and in helping EU Member States to meet the 2020 targets identified by the new RES Directive (approved in December 2008), by achieving the following goals:
G1 – A wind energy penetration level of 20% in 2020;
G2 – Onshore wind power fully competitive in 2020;
G3 – 250.000 new skilled jobs created in the EU by the wind energy sector in the 2010 – 2020 period.
The roadmap, which has a total budget of € 6 bn (private and public resources), is a long term programme for increasing and coordinating the funding of wind energy R&D, so as to ensure its quick development and deployment in the EU. It focuses on the following key areas:
A1 – New turbines and components;
A2 – Offshore technology;
A3 – Grid Integration;
A4 – Resource assessment and spatial planning.
Wind Energy Roadmap priorities for the 2010 – 2012 period:
On the 2010-2012 period, the launch of the Wind Energy Roadmap focuses on the first steps towards the technology objectives and milestones stated by the European Communication on Investing in the Development of Low Carbon Technologies. In the following, the actions, key performance indicators, and relation to existing programmes are described, for each subchapter:
A1 – New turbines and components:
– To develop large scale turbines for offshore applications;
– To improve the reliability of the wind turbine components;
– To further automate and optimize manufacturing processes;
– To develop innovative logistics including transport and erection techniques;
A2 – Offshore technology:
Focus on structures for large-scale turbines and deep waters (>30m):
– To develop new stackable, replicable and standardized substructures for large scale offshore turbines such as: tripods, quadropods, jackets and gravity-based structures;
– To develop floating structures with platforms, floating tripods, or single anchored turbine.
A3 – Grid integration:
Grid integration techniques for large-scale penetration of variable electricity supply:
– To demonstrate the feasibility of balancing power systems with high share of wind power using large-scale systems with High Voltage Alternative Current (HVAC) or High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) interconnections;
– To investigate wind farms management as “virtual power plants”.
A4 – Resource Assessment, spatial planning and social acceptance:
– To assess and map wind resources across Europe and to reduce forecasting uncertainties of wind energy production;
– To develop spatial planning methodologies and tools taking into account environmental and social aspects;
– To address and analyze social acceptance of wind energy projects including promotion of best practices.
The financial part of the implementation plan include:
– Risk analysis;
– Industrial risk and European added value;
– Financing instruments;
– Budget intensity and repartition on period 2010 – 2012;
– Gantt chart on period 2010 – 2012;
– Repartition of budget additional to EEPR on period 2010 – 2012.